Research in 90sec’s
How does the imposter syndrome affect those who are competent?

How does the imposter syndrome affect those who are competent?

April 6, 2021

How does the imposter syndrome affect those who are competent?

In this episode, I feature a paper by LaDonna et. al., who debunked the taken for granted assumption that those who do well, know that they do well. According to their findings, it is not that they don't struggle. It is that their struggles remain less visible. And unpacking those struggles might become a much needed educational strategy.

 

Full citation: 

LaDonna KA, Ginsburg S, Watling C. “Rising to the level of your incompetence”: what physicians’ self-assessment of their performance reveals about the imposter syndrome in medicine. Academic Medicine. 2018 May 1;93(5):763-8.

What does swarm intelligence have to do with building self-healing teams?

What does swarm intelligence have to do with building self-healing teams?

March 30, 2021

What does swarm intelligence have to do with building self-healing teams?

In this episode, I feature a paper by our research team that takes on a strongly contested argument - that the collective behaviour of social insects, like ants, could provide inspiration to our thinking about effective teamwork.  In particular, the idea that teams can recover from disruption by becoming interchangeable, as ants do.

 

Full citation:

Cristancho SM. On collective self‐healing and traces: How can swarm intelligence help us think differently about team adaptation?. Medical Education. 2021; 55(4): 441:447

What does photosynthesis have to do with cars and airplanes?

What does photosynthesis have to do with cars and airplanes?

March 23, 2021

What does photosynthesis have to do with cars and airplanes?

In this episode, I feature a paper by Wu and colleagues who describe the principles and development of Artificial Leaf technology that aims to mimic plants to convert greenhouse gases into useful fuel for human use. Achieving this goal will constitute a groundbreaking success in combating climate change.

 

Full citation:

Wu YA, McNulty I, Liu C, Lau KC, Liu Q, Paulikas AP, Sun CJ, Cai Z, Guest JR, Ren Y, Stamenkovic V. Facet-dependent active sites of a single Cu 2 O particle photocatalyst for CO 2 reduction to methanol. Nature Energy. 2019 Nov;4(11):957-68.

What does talking on the phone have to do with learning?

What does talking on the phone have to do with learning?

March 16, 2021

What does talking on the phone have to do with learning?

In this episode, I feature a paper by Eppich and colleagues who uncovered the nuances of telephone talk when it comes to learning in medicine.  Their findings revealed how the natural conversational tensions that trainees have to navigate when talking on the phone, also enable them to advocate more effectively for their patients.

 

Full citation:

Eppich WJ, Dornan T, Rethans JJ, Teunissen PW. “Learning the lingo”: a grounded theory study of telephone talk in clinical education. Academic Medicine. 2019 Jul 1;94(7):1033-9.

How accurate is memory for real-world experiences?

How accurate is memory for real-world experiences?

March 9, 2021

How accurate is memory for real-world experiences?

In this episode, I feature the paper by Diamond and colleagues who put to the test memory scientists' estimation of how accurate our memory is. And they demonstrated that while details tend to fade with time, the accuracy of the stories we tell about past events doesn't seem to change, despite what experts have suggested. A fascinated insight to consider as we continue trying to understand the role of memory in aging.

 

Full citation:

Diamond NB, Armson MJ, Levine B. The truth is out there: Accuracy in recall of verifiable real-world events. Psychological Science. 2020 Dec;31(12):1544-56.

What do 9 years of research tell us about people’s journeys through medical school?

What do 9 years of research tell us about people’s journeys through medical school?

March 2, 2021

What do 9 years of research tell us about people's journeys through medical school?

In this episode I feature the paper by Balmer and colleagues who conducted a 9-year longitudinal study to track the journeys of medical trainees as they navigated their training. Stories of stability and change were prominent in these students' reflections.

 

Full citation:

Balmer DF, Teunissen PW, Devlin MJ, Richards BF. Stability and Change in the Journeys of Medical Trainees: A 9-Year, Longitudinal Qualitative Study. Academic Medicine. 2021 Jan 25.

What do our mobility patterns mean for society?

What do our mobility patterns mean for society?

February 23, 2021

What do our mobility patterns mean for society?

In this episode, I feature the paper by Alessandretti and Lehmann who used GPS location data from 700,000 people to describe the concept of "scale" in human mobility. They explain how these "scales" - from individual buildings to neighbourhoods, cities, regions and countries - are central to understanding societal issues such as socioeconomic interactions, or political and cultural dynamics. Furthermore, they show how our patterns of mobility can also be distinguished from our gender or whether we live in an urban or rural area.

 

Full citation:

Alessandretti L, Aslak U, Lehmann S. The scales of human mobility. Nature. 2020 Nov;587(7834):402-7.

What is left to do when treating chronic pain that is compounded with poverty?

What is left to do when treating chronic pain that is compounded with poverty?

February 16, 2021

What is left to do when treating chronic pain that is compounded with poverty?

In this episode, I feature a paper by Fiona Webster and colleagues who bring attention to the challenges that healthcare providers face in helping patients with chronic pain who struggle with poverty, mental health and addiction. As the authors suggest, it is necessary to situate the problem as a public health issue rather than casting it as a strictly medical crisis. 

 

Full citation:

Webster F, Rice K, Katz J, Bhattacharyya O, Dale C, Upshur R. An ethnography of chronic pain management in primary care: The social organization of physicians’ work in the midst of the opioid crisis. PloS one. 2019 May 1;14(5):e0215148.

What’s the role of stories in combating anti-vaccine misinformation?

What’s the role of stories in combating anti-vaccine misinformation?

February 9, 2021

What's the role of stories in combating anti-vaccine misinformation?

In this episode I feature a paper by Shelby & Ernst, two moms who used the power of experience to illustrate how stories and science together can make a real difference.  As the full roll out of the Covid-19 vaccine is currently taking place, their message is worth remembering.

 

Full citation:

Shelby A, Ernst K. Story and science: how providers and parents can utilize storytelling to combat anti-vaccine misinformation. Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 2013 Aug 8;9(8):1795-801.
To what extent are ethical objectives embedded in the development of Artificial Intelligence?

To what extent are ethical objectives embedded in the development of Artificial Intelligence?

February 2, 2021

To what extent are ethical objectives embedded in the development of Artificial Intelligence?

In this episode I feature a paper by Hagendorff who brings attention to the issues around self-governance in the Artificial Intelligence industry and its relationship to ethical guidelines. By comparing across guidelines, this paper reveals where ethically motivated efforts are taking place, and where they are not yet.

 

Full citation:

Hagendorff, T. (2020). The ethics of AI ethics: An evaluation of guidelines. Minds and Machines, 30(1), 99-120.
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